Colon Cancer is becoming a Major Health problem every where in world, when detected early it can be curable in almost 90% Patients. People over 50 Years or more are likely to suffer from colon cancer as compare to younger one. This disease begins in the cells that line the colon.
A polyp is extra tissue that grows inside your body. Colonic polyps grow in the large intestine. The large intestine, also called the colon. These polpys may be small or large. The cells in the polyp eventually become uncontrolled and turn into a cancer.
Colon cancer can develop in conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammation in the colon. There are strong medical evidences supports that abnormal genes for colon polpys and cancer can be passed from Parent to Child, which are unable to control growth of polpys.
So we recommend that everyone age 50 or older have a screening test to look for colon polyps. so that if there is any finding, we can remove them to prevent colon cancer.
Mostly small polyps don't cause symptoms.Often, people don't know they have Colonic Polpys, until the doctor finds it during a regular check up or while testing them for some other problem. but If polyps get large in size, they can cause symptoms and complications such as bleeding from your rectum, change in bowel habits includes diarrhea, constipation (almost longer then 6 Days), going to the bathroom more often or less often than usual, or a change in colour of stool (Blood can make stool look black, or it can show up as red streaks in the stool).
As we cannot change our genes but if there is a family history of colon polyps or cancer, a colonoscopy should be performed to remove the polyps before they become malignant. In early stages these type of cancer are 90% Curable, so one should be careful about symptoms and screening should be definately done after the age of 50 years or in case of Heriditical evidence.